Every human being on this planet has got their own morning rituals, and most of them are consistent of getting up, taking a shower and grabbing a cup of coffee, or depending on your preferences, tea. Did you know that in America, 83% of adults drink coffee, and that makes coffee the most consumed beverage in the U.S.A. That’s an average of three cups a day per person. And when it comes to statistics, the results tell us about those morning rituals more then you could imagine. Even 65% of all coffee is consumed during the breakfast hours, 30% between meals, and the remaining 5% of consuming coffee happens throughout the day. What is also interesting is that men drink the same amount of coffee as women, only for some different reasons. Women say that drinking coffee is a good way to relax, while men think that coffee helps them to getting the job done. So, why turn to tea, what are the benefits of drinking it? Because it looks like the coffee had stole all the glory.
And when it comes to tea, the results are following: Tea is the second most widely consumed beverage worldwide, following only water, and can be found in 80% of all U.S. households. The fact that is interesting is that about 85% of tea consumed in America is iced. You would probably think that tea is the most common beverage in the United Kingdom, right? Wrong. Annual per capita tea consumption worldwide as of 2016 say, that the country that consumes tea the most is Turkey, second place belongs to Ireland, and United Kingdom is third. And Mexico is the last one on the chart. I am pretty sure they start their morning off with tequila.
So, do we drink these beverages in order to get some boosting energy in the morning and to put some caffeine in our bodies, or do we do it to calm ourselves down? Why do we tend to drink coffee more than tea?
At first, it was called “theine”. Caffeine was discovered in tea in the early 19-th century. It was later shown that the “theine” of tea was identical with the caffeine of coffee, and the term “theine” disappeared.
Tea was cultivated in China, and it goes back even 5,000 years in to the past. Tea can be divided into five basic categories: black, green, oolong, white, and puer.
- Black tea is more oxidized than the others, and has a stronger bitter flavor. Many people got addicted to black tea and they love drinking it from four to five times a day. Some of them also got a feeling that if they skipped their tea they may suffer from headaches the next day.
- Green tea keeps the blood sugar stable in people with diabetes.
- Oolong tea boosts your metabolism, causing weight loss, and can have amazing impact on your bones, making them healthier.
- White tea helps your skin, making it youthful, and can help in preventing lung cancer.
- Puer tea helps with the digestion, reduces stress and helps with your sleep. So, which is your cup of tea?
In the early 16-th century, tea became highly popular throughout the whole Europe and also American colonies. In 1767 the British Government had put a tax on the tea used by American colonists. With this protest, the colonists decided to stop buying tea and refused to allow tea ships to be unloaded. One night in 1773, men dressed as Americans boarded British ships in Boston Harbor and threw more than 300 (342 to be exact) chests of tea into the sea. That day will forever be remembered as the Boston Tea Party.
Numerous studies have discovered that people who consume three or more cups of black tea per day have reduced the risk of a heart disease and also stroke. In one Harvard study, the experts had found out that those who drank a cup or more of black tea per day had a 44% reduced risk of heart attack. And also, adults who drank just over two cups of green tea per day had reduced their risk of death from cardiovascular disease by 22%. One study also showed that women who consumed two to three cups of tea per day had a 60% reduction in rectal cancer risk. And also, men who drank more than two cups of tea per day were found to have a 70% lower colon cancer risk.
How Much Caffeine Is Too Much?
According to some studies, consuming up to 400 mg of caffeine per day is safe for the majority of only healthy adults. That is about from three to five cups of coffee, or five cans of Red Bull (just for the comparisons), and that is when you don’t count in the sugar. But it often happens that some people are too sensitive to the effect that caffeine provides them, and they could find those 400mg impacting badly on them, and can experience some side effects. So you should not go above those 400 mg per day. Pregnant women should not be consuming more than 200 mg per day, and also children should not be going too crazy with it. And what happens when you misbehave, and you use more than recommended? Caffeine intoxication. And that results in nervousness, insomnia, rambling your speech, irregular heartbeats and agitation. So take it easy. At this point, are you hoping that your coffee has way more caffeine then tea, so if you start feeling addicted to it you can just start drinking tea because the caffeine level is much smaller, but still efficent ? But what if that is not the case?
What Is Caffeine?
You need to know that caffeine is a type of drug, and even if that sounds funny to you, it is the truth. It gets to your nervous system and gives you instant energy, and it makes you crash a few hours later, making you tired (and sleepy). So, if it is controlling your moods, giving you energy, and you are constantly wanting it more just to feel better, more energized, and faster with it, isn’t that the definition of a drug?
Caffeine can stimulate our central nervous system, by increasing our alertness, but it impairs our motor skills and causes insomnia. So it is no shock that many people who want to get their job done in one take and in the shortest time possible are consuming it as an instant booster. And it only takes about ten to fifteen minutes (yes, that little) for caffeine to get in to your bloodstream, but it takes much more time for it to get out. It can stay in our body up to six hours!
You should know that not all caffeine is created equally and under the same conditions, and that there is a difference even to that latte that you drink every day in a week at the same coffee shop, believe it or not. That happens because not every pot was brewed the same. For example, tea bags have got slightly less caffeine than loose tea. Also, brewing techniques, size of the tea leaves and their varieties are significant variables that affect on the caffeine level, but we will get to it later down below.
What Has The Most Coffee?
In the plant which is called Camellia sinesis, the amount of caffeine is bigger than in the beans of Coffea robusta or Coffea arabica plant. So yes, this answers our question but we don’t eat those plants while they are dry, we brew them. And after the brewing process, we get completely different results. After the brewing process, the question.
The biggest impact on caffeine content is the water temperature and length of steeping time that you spend. Black, white, green and oolong tea leaves have similar caffeine content. Tea that will be steeped for five minutes in boiling water is going to transfer much more caffeine to the cup than a tea steeped for two minutes at 180 degrees Fahrenheit. And to be clear, oxidation will not increase the amount of caffeine in tea.
When it comes to tea bags, keep in mind that they contain broken leaves of smaller size, so they produce an infusion with more caffeine than loose tea.
And the most obvious reason can also be found in your cup, just take a look at it! You will be able to see through your tea, even if it is a cup of black tea, while the coffee provides pitch blackness, proving us that it is much stronger.
When it comes to caffeine in the beverages (considering that they are all poured in a 8 oz or 237 ml cup) their caffeine level is next:
- Brewed coffee (100-200mg)
- Latte (63-175mg)
- Instant coffee (27-173mg)
- Red Bull (80mg)
- Brewed black tea (14-70mg)
- Brewed green tea (24-45mg)
- Diet pepsi (34mg)
- Instant decaffeinated coffee (2-12mg)
- Decaffeinated black tea (0-12mg)
It all has its perks. Coffee can suppressant our appetite and reduce hunger for some amount of time, but not long enough to cause some serious weight loss. Some people believe that coffee can contribute to losing weight thorough calorie burning by thermo genesis, which is generating body heat to burn calories. The perks with the black tea is that it does not contain sugar or calories so it can aid in maintaining a healthy weight. If you drink a larger amount of black tea it can lower your obesity level by helping you with your blood sugar, and that can help your cravings to disappear. Black tea can contribute to your weight management because they will boost your body metabolism.
Who would say that applying caffeine topically may help reduce the appearance of cellulite? But on the downside, consistent coffee consumption could stain the teeth. But, tea has quite a few advantages when it comes to beauty hacks:
1. A chamomile rinse can add a golden sheen to blonde hair.
2. Cold tea bags over your eyes can help to reduce dark circles.
3. Green tea compounds can be found in popular skin creams because it can help with anti aging and UV protection properties.
4. Black teas can reduce potential cavities or bad breath.
Coffee vs. Tea for Price and Preparation
When it comes to pricing, the rule is the same- The more exotic the tea ( or the coffee bean), the higher price on the market. Often, however, we can see that pricing for tea is much lower. And when you are at a fancy restaurant or in the cafe, which is less pricey? The tea, or the coffee?
Some teas can be steeped multiple times, but when we are talking about the coffee, we need a grinder, then a coffee machine, some filters, and all of those add up to some new expenses. So it is obvious that we need more preparation with the coffee, the only demand with the tea is putting a tea bang in a cup of hot water. And do not forget that when you drink your coffee, you always add milk, sugar or cream, while tea is not that demanding, and you can drink without adding anything extra.