Red wine is believed to offer health benefits that have been under debate recently. Some people believe it to be a valuable component of a healthy diet and others consider the wine overrated. Scientific studies, on the other hand, have consistently proved that when consumed in moderation, red wine can be beneficial in lowering the risk of several diseases. The gist of these health benefits seems to stem from the antioxidants present in red wine. Some of these benefits include lowering cholesterol levels, protecting the heart, regulating blood sugar levels and keeping memory sharp. Additionally, individuals who include red wine in moderate quantities in their diet were observed to suffer less from common colds and flu.
Much of this antioxidant activity is contributed to the presence of resveratrol in grapes. Other than managing blood glucose levels and boosting brain activity, resveratrol has also been associated with lowering the risk of developing cancer. Red wine is prepared by crushing and fermenting grapes that are dark in color. However red wine comes in different varieties and how many calories there are in a bottle of red wine will depend largely on the type of wine being considered. But while the calorie count may be somewhat different, the alcohol content of red wine usually ranges between 12-15 %.
Wines with the highest calorie count also happen to present the highest alcohol content. Typically alcohol contains 7 calories per gm as opposed to carbohydrates or sugar which is 4 calories per gram. Interestingly, this means that certain sweet wines way have fewer calories than certain dry wines. Since most table wines have relatively little sugar, it is their alcohol content that drives the calories.
In red wine, the calorie range has to do with its alcohol content, inherent sweetness and the serving size.
Is There Sugar in Red Wine?
Many red wines taste dry and not as sweet but do contain small to moderate amounts of sugar. The range can vary from 0-220 grams per liter depending on style and comes from the fruit sugars in the wine grape. The sugar content is dependent on the yeast consuming the sugars and making alcohol as a byproduct. A dry wine results when the yeast feeds on all the sugars and a sweet wine results when this feasting on sugar is stopped by a process called fermentation.
Calories in Some Popular Types of Red Wine
Syrah or Shiraz:
In France Syrah wine is produce from grapes with the same name, while in Australia the same wine typically goes by the mane of Shiraz. It is one of the darkest red wines available and features flavors like pepper, berries, tobacco and even smoked meat. It is a dark, heavy skinned grape that grows well in warmer climates. Syrah is often blended with grapes that add more mild palate such as cabernet sauvignon to make the taste more complete.
While known as Syrah when produced anywhere in the world, the wine is exclusively known as Shiraz when it comes from Australia. One bottle of Syrah is estimated to have about 618 calories per bottle.
Merlot is often recognized for its dark blue color and is associated with blueberry. It is an early maturing grape variety that can ripen fully even in slightly cooler climates. In France, Bordeaux is the most well-known place of production for Merlot, but the same can also be produced in California, the Long Island District of New York, Northern Italy and Chile. Merlot grapes when turned into wine yield a plummy and occasionally chocolatey aroma and flavor. Another aroma associated with this wine is that of tea leaves.
Most merlots go well both with food as well as on their own. One bottle of merlot has about 619 calories in it.
This grape grows in just about any region where it is not too cool. Nowadays areas like California, Southern France, Australia, Italy, South Africa, Chile and Argentina area all well known for their production of cabernet sauvignon. This red wine is very deep in color and can be virtually impermeable to light. One bottle of cabernet sauvignon is calculated to have 618 calories.
Derived from the French words meaning “pine” and “black” respectively, the wine is made from clusters of grapes whose appearance resembles a pine cone. Pinot noir is a thin-skinned grape that can grow successfully in cooler climates with plenty of sunshine. Other than France, locations like Australia, New Zealand, California, Oregon and Chile also produce good quality Pinot noir. One bottle of this wine contains 614 per calories.
Zinfandel is mostly grown in California and southern Italy and is used to produce a deep, dark and enriched wine. It happens to be one of the oldest grape varieties in California, so enjoys a certain stature there. Wines of this type often have a blackberry or raspberry aroma and flavor with some varieties being lighter than others. One bottle of zinfandel is calculated to contain 656 calories.
A Word Of Caution
So now that you are learning more about the question How Many Calories in Red Wine you must understand that because most of the benefits of drinking red wine have been linked with its moderate consumption, the term “moderate” becomes important. Along with how many calories are there in a bottle of red wine, the amount of wine an individual consumes before health benefits turn into dangers is also relative to every person and relies on various factors such as age, body stature, and the overall health of the individual.
Whether the wine is consumed with or without food is also a relevant factor.
For women, it is recommended not to consume more than 2-3 units of alcohol a day and for men, the figures stand at no more than 3-4 units of alcohol a day. A single unit being 10 ml or 8 g of pure alcohol. In terms of glasses, this figure comes to a 250 ml glass of red wine containing about 3 units of alcohol and a 175 ml glass having two units.
Exceeding these amounts can easily make alcohol consumption not only an addiction but also lead to many adverse health conditions such as an increased risk for stroke, hypertension, fatty liver, cirrhosis and pancreatitis among others.
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Image One by Alex Brune – https://www.flickr.com/photos/94110392@N06/12861896433/
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